And the peek-a-boo world it has constructed around us no longer seems even strange. There is no more disturbing consequence of the electronic and graphic revolution than this: that the world as given to us through television seems natural, not bizarre. For the loss of the sense of the strange is a sign of adjustment, and the extent to which we have adjusted is a measure of the extent to which we have changed. Our cultures adjustment to the epistemology of television is by now almost complete; we have so thoroughly accepted its definitions of truth, knowledge and reality that irrelevance seems to us to be filled with import, and incoherence seems eminently sane. It is my object in the rest of this book to make the epistemology of television visible again. I will try to demonstrate by concrete example that televisions conversations promote incoherence and triviality and that television speaks in only one persistent voice? The voice of entertainment. Beyond that, i will try to demonstrate that to enter the great television conversation, one American cultural institution after another is learning to speak its terms.
Do christians really believe?
advertising was intended to appeal to understanding, not to passion. in advertising words cannot be trusted, you must understand it through * its * * context. differenced between word-culture and image-centered culture: * *. In a word-centered culture, people are known through their works, * while * * in an image-centered culture, people are known through their image and/or * * face. In a word-centered culture, reading was important( can vote, can * * understand whats going on summary around them there was not enough to do in * * leisure time. In an image- centered culture, people have many options for * * leisure. for 2 centuries, America depended about on the written word. It was the Age * of * * Exposition ( a mode of thought, a method of learning, and a means of * * expression ; a sophisticated ability to think conceptually, deductively and * * sequentially; a high valutation of reason and order;. Television has become, so to speak, the background radiation of the social and intellectual universe, the all-but-imperceptible residue of the electronic big bang of a century past, so familiar and so thoroughly integrated with American culture that we no longer hear its faint hissing. This, in turn, means that its epistemology goes largely unnoticed.
The idea may be banal, the fact irrelevant, the claim * * flase, but there is no escape from meaning when language is the instrument * * guiding ones thought. the written word challenges our intellect. We must be able to * understand * * what the writer is saying. books was the basis of writers everything during the 18th and 19th century. the churches in America laid the foundation of our system of higher * * education. john Marshall was the preeminent example of Typographic Man detached, * * analytical, devoted to logic, abhorring contradiction. mind formed by printed word: clear and downright simple, vast * * comprehensiveness of topics, fertility in illustrationsdrawn from * practical * * sources, keen analysis and suggestion of difficulties, power of * disentangling * * a complicated proposition and resolving. history of newspaper advertising in America may be considered as a * metaphor * * of the descent of typographic mind, beginning with reason and ending with * * entertainment.
About the only entertainment programming I watch on television anymore is The simpsons, nypd blue and days of Our lives. That should tell you something right there. bud * * Chapter 4: The typographic Mind people during the 1850s know whats going on around them (history and * * political matters they also have great attention span and could * understand * * lengthy and complex sentences aurally. people of a desk television culture need plain language both aurally and * * visually. the use of language as a means of complex argument was an important, * * plesurable and common form of discourse in almost every public arena that * * time. during that time, the speakers had little to offer, and the audiences * * little to expect, but language. The language that was offered was clearly * * modeled on the style of the written word. the written word, and an oratory based upon it, has a content: a * semantic, * * paraphrasable, propositional content. whenever language is the principal medium of communication especially * * language controlled by the rigors of print — an idea, a fact, a claim is * the * * inevitable result.
I personally have not given up television altogether. My profession as a teacher in the mass media dictates that i at least remain topical. I also use television mainly for news and sports information, although lately i have found that I do not really appreciate the current trends in both. There are too many graphics, not enough details and too many soft stories. Sports coverage lately seems to be the same. Too many graphics, too much advertising and not enough good announcers. I have been turning back to printed materials for news more often and am now turning back to the radio for sports broadcasts.
Book review: seeing like a state slate Star Codex
It seems to me that if your favorite sports team were playing for its life in the championship playoffs you would not mind the fact that the game lasts six hours, especially if you are on hand to see it in person. However it seems the television ratings for this years hockey playoffs and basketball playoffs were very low compared to years past and in part because of this, the leaders of these fine organizations are now willing to tamper with the basic rules that govern their. Another constant theme through Postmans book is that george Orwell had it wrong about our society when he wrote 1984. Orwell prophesized that government forces would take over civilization and conquer and squash personal freedoms and rights. Postman argues that this viewpoint is incorrect. Postman states that Aldous Huxleys Brave new World is more appropriate.
Huxley saw a world where civilization would go gladly into that dark night, with a smile on its face. We would be entertained out of our personal freedoms and rights. Postman believes Huxley is more on target when a person considers what television has done to create such a reliance on itself in the 20th century. I liked this book a lot. Again, some of the references were a bit dated but the concepts are still just as relevant today. It is always interesting to read a book that examines such a large bibliography part of society, be it television, music or computers. It is interesting because it gives you the chance to examine your own habits and traits.
Persons can cite the Lloyd Bentsen dan quayle debate of 1992 for evidence of that. Postman argues that there is an inherent danger in this. With important topics such as politics, religion and education being pared down to 15 second sound bites on the evening news, americans do not get the whole picture. Many critical issues and concerns are left out and trivialized at times. Part two of Postmans book goes more into current examples of his theories. One chapter discusses how television mixes with religion, while another goes into more detail about politics and television and another goes into detail about education and television.
These chapters provide more specific, concrete examples of the points Postman is trying to make and they do an excellent job of helping the reader better grasp his ideas. Younger readers may not understand some of the examples used in his book (there are many references to late 1970s through mid 1980s programs here) but it is extremely easy to apply postmans theories to television today. His ideas are just as relevant. To make my point — on the issue of attention span, i heard today that the national Hockey league is considering rules to help speed up the game. After game six of this years Stanley cup playoffs lasted until 1:30am Eastern Time, the nhl has decided to allow only four players on a team during overtime periods next season. The logic is that the games will be faster and decided faster in order to keep the fans interested. Similar ideas have been presented for the national Basketball Association, the national football league and Major league baseball.
Blast your Resume - opt nation
I can honestly say that I dont think i could have lasted that long myself. The point that Postman is trying to make here however is that with mass electronic communication in the 20th century (television American attention spans would lab never last even a fraction of that amount of time. Think of political debates on television today. To begin with the entire debate itself lasts only an hour at most. This includes commercial breaks. Candidates normally get five minutes to speak on an issue (sometimes only three) and the rebuttals are usually only just as long. So many of the recent televised presidential debates are successful if a candidate comes up with a great sound bite.
Postman even goes so far to say that print communication controls your physical body as well — that a persons body must remain at least semi-mobile in order to pay attention to what the words are trying to say. In chapter 4, postman details how the development and success of the printed word in Western civilization created what he calls The typographic Mind, a mind set essay where a person from the 17th, 18th or 19th centuries could endure and pay attention to lengthy written. Postman cites the 1858. Presidential debates between Abraham Lincoln and Stephen douglas. One debate lasted three hours while another in 1854 went seven. When I read this, i admit I was amazed. I had known that the debates were important for many reasons, but I had no idea that they had lasted this long.
his book about the development of public discourse (verbal and written communication ) over the centuries. He explains how the development and evolution of communication over mankinds history has changed at critical points. These critical points include the development of the alphabet, the development of the printing press, the development of the telegraph and the development of the television. Postman argues that American society in particular is in danger since it relies so much on television. Postmans book is divided into two parts. Part one documents the development of communication in Western civilization. The main course of his documentation is that the oral and printed methods of communication tend to be held in higher prestige because they take more brain power to learn and perfect. If a person wants to learn in an oral or printed communication based culture, he or she must learn the language, memorize customs, learn to read, learn to write, etc.
The very act of entering a church, by this interpretation, is acknowledgement of willingness to submit to the control of another, to put oneself in the hands of the lord, so to speak. A tone of respectful reverence is thus set by the private nature of the church space, the property of God, as well as by the trappings and rituals of the religion itself. Anything that occurs on television, on the other hand, is invading the space of the viewer. Once it enters our home, we have complete control over it we can adjust the volume, put the tv anywhere we want, buy whatever size screen we want, and turn it off or change channels at the slightest whim. In this environment it is we who are in control of the service, because it is in our space, not Gods. This is why, according to postman, The activities in ones living room or bedroom orGod help usones kitchen are usually the same whether a religious program is being presented or The a-team or Dallas is being presented. People will eat, hibernation talk, go to the bathroom, do push-ups or any of the things they are accustomed to doing in the presence of an animated television screen. (p.119) taken away from the church, gods home territory, and introduced into our own private strongholds, televangelism is at a huge disadvantage for actually evoking a religious experience from viewers. If an audience is not immersed in an aura of mystery and symbolic otherworldliness, says Postman, then it is unlikely that it can call forth the state of mind required for a nontrivial religious experience.
Your journal Writing, writing
Amusing Ourselves to, death, essay, research, paper, in Chapter 8 of his book. Amusing Ourselves to death, neil Postman talks about the phenomenon of religious programming on television. He concludes that there are several characteristics of television and its surround that converge to make authentic religious experience impossible. 118 i believe that though its not explicitly stated, the concept of boundaries which I have slogan been discussing is an essential element of his argument. He says that there is no way to consecrate the space in which a television show is experienced. It is an essential condition of any traditional religious service that the space in which it is conducted must be invested with some measure of sacrality. Of course, a church or synagogue is designed as a place of ritual enactment so that almost anything that occurs there, even a bingo game, has a religious aura. 118-119) I think that he is basically saying that when one enters a church, one is crossing a boundary into someone elses private space; more specifically, gods. In someone elses space one must acknowledge that the owner of the space is in control of it and sets the rules for all who occupy.