The luxembourg-born Belgian artist and botanist pierre-joseph Redouté is known for his detailed watercolours of flowers, particularly roses. Henri fantin-Latour was also a prolific painter of still life, particularly flowers including roses. The rose 'fantin-Latour' was named after the artist. Other impressionists including Claude monet, paul cézanne and pierre-auguste renoir have paintings of roses among their works. Symbolism Further information: Rose (symbolism) The long cultural history of the rose has led to it being used often as a symbol. They symbolised the houses of York and Lancaster in a conflict known as the wars of the roses.
Urban lifestylez saturdays @4:00pm on the cw net Work
Rose (otto of roses, attar of roses ditto rose buds: Ditto rose flowers: Ditto rose fruit (hips ditto rose leaves: Rosa spp. 14 Medicine The rose hip, usually from. Canina, is used as a minor source of vitamin. The fruits of many species have significant levels of vitamins and have been used as a food supplement. Many roses have been used in herbal and folk medicines. Rosa chinensis has long been used in Chinese traditional medicine. This and other species have been used for stomach problems, and are marketing being investigated for controlling cancer growth. 15 In pre-modern medicine, diarrhodon (Gr διάροδον, "compound of roses from όδων, "of roses" 16 stars ) is a name given to various compounds in which red roses are an ingredient. Culture Art Codex Manesse illuminated with roses, illustrated between 13 in Zürich. It contains love songs in Middle high German Roses are a favored subject in art and appear in portraits, illustrations, on stamps, as ornaments or as architectural elements.
Rose petals or flower buds are sometimes used to flavour ordinary tea, or combined with other herbs to make herbal teas. In France, there is much use of rose syrup, most commonly made from an extract of rose petals. In the Indian subcontinent, rooh Afza, a concentrated squash made with roses, is popular, as are rose-flavoured frozen desserts such as ice cream and kulfi. 9 10 Rose flowers are used as food, also usually as flavouring or to add their scent to food. 11 Other minor uses include candied rose petals. 12 Rose creams (rose-flavoured fondant covered in chocolate, often topped with a crystallised rose petal) are a traditional English confectionery widely available from numerous producers in the. Under report the American Federal food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act, 13 there are only certain Rosa species, varieties, and parts are on the generally recognized as Safe lists. Rose absolute: Rosa alba., rosa centifolia., rosa damascena mill., rosa gallica., and vars.
'rose Absolute' is solvent-extracted with hexane and produces a darker oil, dark yellow to orange in colour. The weight of oil extracted is about one three-thousandth to one six-thousandth of the weight of the flowers; for example, about two thousand flowers are required to produce one gram of oil. The main constituents of attar of roses are the fragrant alcohols geraniol and l- citronellol and rose biography camphor, an odorless solid composed of alkanes, which separates from rose oil. 7 β- damascenone is also a significant contributor to the scent. Food and drink rose jams are partially common in Iran Rose hips are occasionally made into jam, jelly, marmalade, and soup or are brewed for tea, primarily for their high vitamin C content. They are also pressed and filtered to make rose hip syrup. Rose hips are also used to produce rose hip seed oil, which is used in skin products and some makeup products. 8 Rose water has a very distinctive flavour and is used heavily in Middle eastern, persian, and south Asian cuisine —especially in sweets such as barfi, baklava, halva, gulab jamun, gumdrops, kanafeh, nougat, and Turkish delight.
In temperate climates, cut roses are often grown in glasshouses, and in warmer countries they may also be grown under cover in order to ensure that the flowers are not damaged by weather and that pest and disease control can be carried out effectively. Significant quantities are grown in some tropical countries, and these are shipped by air to markets across the world. 6 Some kind of roses are artificially coloured using dyed water, like rainbow roses. Perfume main articles: Rose oil and Rose water Geraniol (C 10H 18O) Rose perfumes are made from rose oil (also called attar of roses which is a mixture of volatile essential oils obtained by steam distilling the crushed petals of roses. An associated product is rose water which is used for cooking, cosmetics, medicine and religious practices. The production technique originated in Persia and then spread through Arabia and India, and more recently into eastern Europe. In Bulgaria, iran and Germany, damask roses ( Rosa damascena 'trigintipetala are used. In other parts of the world Rosa centifolia is commonly used. The oil is transparent pale yellow or yellow-grey in colour.
InfoWars' Alex Jones is a 'performance artist playing
They have been deep also used for commercial perfumery and commercial cut flower crops. Some are used as landscape plants, for hedging and for other utilitarian purposes such as game cover and slope stabilization. They also have minor medicinal uses. Ornamental plants main article: Garden roses The majority of ornamental roses are hybrids that were bred for their flowers. A few, mostly species roses are grown for attractive or scented foliage (such as Rosa glauca and Rosa rubiginosa ornamental thorns (such as Rosa sericea ) or for their showy fruit (such as Rosa moyesii ). Ornamental roses have been cultivated for millennia, with the earliest known cultivation known to date from at least 500 bc in Mediterranean countries, persia, and China.
5 Many thousands of rose hybrids and cultivars have been bred and selected for garden use as flowering plants. Most are double-flowered with many or all of the stamens having mutated into additional petals. In the early 19th century the Empress Josephine of France patronized the development of rose breeding at her gardens at Malmaison. As long ago as 1840 a collection numbering over one thousand different cultivars, varieties and species was possible when a rosarium was planted by loddiges nursery for Abney park cemetery, an early victorian garden cemetery and arboretum in England. Peggy martin climbing roses size can be as small as a thumbnail The hybrid garden rose "Amber Flush" Cut flowers bouquet of pink roses Roses are a popular crop for both domestic and commercial cut flowers. Generally they are harvested and cut when in bud, and held in refrigerated conditions until ready for display at their point of sale.
Banksianae white and yellow flowered roses from China. Bracteatae three species, two from China and one from India. Caninae pink and white flowered species from Asia, europe and North Africa. Carolinae white, pink, and bright pink flowered species all from North America. Chinensis white, pink, yellow, red and mixed-color roses from China and Burma.
Gallicanae pink to crimson and striped flowered roses from western Asia and Europe. Gymnocarpae one species in western North America ( Rosa gymnocarpa others in east Asia. Laevigatae a single white flowered species from China. Pimpinellifoliae white, pink, bright yellow, mauve and striped roses from Asia and Europe. Cinnamomeae ) white, pink, lilac, mulberry and red roses from everywhere but North Africa. Synstylae white, pink, and crimson flowered roses from all areas. Uses Roses are best known as ornamental plants grown for their flowers in the garden and sometimes indoors.
Housekeeping Resume sample - resumeOK
Citrus or Pyracantha, are modified stems, which always originate at a node and which have nodes and internodes along the length of the thorn itself.) Rose prickles are typically sickle-shaped hooks, which aid the rose in hanging onto other vegetation when growing over. Some species such as Rosa rugosa and Rosa pimpinellifolia have densely packed straight prickles, probably an adaptation to reduce essay browsing by animals, but also possibly an adaptation to trap wind-blown sand and so reduce erosion and protect their roots (both of these species grow naturally. Despite the presence of prickles, roses are frequently browsed by deer. A few species of roses have only vestigial prickles that have no points. Species about Further information: List of Rosa species Rosa gallica evêque, painted by redouté The genus Rosa is subdivided into four subgenera: Hulthemia (formerly simplicifoliae, meaning "with single leaves containing two species from southwest Asia, rosa persica and Rosa berberifolia, which are the only roses without. Hesperrhodos (from the Greek for "western rose contains Rosa minutifolia and Rosa stellata, from North America. Platyrhodon (from the Greek for "flaky rose referring to flaky bark) with one species from east Asia, rosa roxburghii (also known as the chestnut rose). Rosa (the type subgenus, sometimes incorrectly called Eurosa ) containing all the other roses. This subgenus is subdivided into 11 sections.
The hips of most species are red, but a few (e.g. Rosa pimpinellifolia ) have dark purple to black hips. Each hip comprises an outer fleshy layer, the hypanthium, which contains 5160 "seeds" (technically dry single-seeded fruits called achenes ) embedded in a matrix of fine, but stiff, hairs. Rose hips of some species, especially the dog rose ( Rosa canina ) and rugosa rose ( Rosa rugosa are very rich in vitamin c, among the richest sources of any plant. The hips are eaten by fruit-eating birds such as thrushes and waxwings, which then disperse the seeds in their droppings. Some birds, particularly finches, also eat the seeds. While the sharp objects along a rose stem are commonly called "thorns they resume are technically prickles —outgrowths of the epidermis (the outer layer of tissue of the stem). (True thorns, as produced.
Most roses are deciduous but a few (particularly from south east Asia ) are evergreen or nearly. The flowers of most species have five petals, with the exception of Rosa sericea, which usually has only four. Each petal is divided into two distinct lobes and is usually white or pink, though in a few species yellow or red. Beneath the petals are five sepals (or in the case of some rosa sericea, four). These may be long enough to be visible when viewed from above and appear as green points alternating with the rounded petals. There are multiple superior ovaries that develop into achenes. 4 Roses are insect-pollinated in nature. The aggregate fruit of the rose is a berry-like structure called a rose hip. Many of the domestic cultivars do not produce hips, as the flowers are so tightly petalled that they do not provide access for pollination.
Europe, north friendship America, and northwestern, africa. Species, cultivars and hybrids are all widely grown for their beauty and often are fragrant. Roses have acquired cultural significance in many societies. Rose plants range in size from compact, miniature roses, to climbers that can reach seven meters in height. Different species hybridize easily, and this has been used in the development of the wide range of garden roses. 1, the name rose comes from French, itself from Latin rosa, which was perhaps borrowed from. Oscan, from, greek ρόδον rhódon aeolic βρόδον wródon itself borrowed from Old Persian wrd- ( wurdi related to avestan varəδa, sogdian ward, parthian wâr. 2 3 Contents Botany rose thorns are actually prickles outgrowths of the epidermis. Rose leaflets Exterior view of rose buds Longitudinal section through a developing rose hip The leaves are borne alternately on the stem.
18 Powerful Websites to Improve your
For other uses, see, rose (disambiguation), roses (disambiguation), and, rosa. A rose is a woody perennial flowering plant of the summary genus. Rosa, in the family, rosaceae, or the flower it bears. There are over three hundred species and thousands of cultivars. They form a group of plants that can be erect shrubs, climbing or trailing with stems that are often armed with sharp prickles. Flowers vary in size and shape and are usually large and showy, in colours ranging from white through yellows and reds. Most species are native. Asia, with smaller numbers native.