Reagan stands behind, far left of the photograph reagan was first elected to the board of Directors of the Screen Actors guild (SAG) in 1941, serving as an alternate member. After World War ii, he resumed service and became third vice-president in 1946. 39 The adoption of conflict-of-interest bylaws in 1947 led the sag president and six board members to resign; reagan was nominated in a special election for the position of president and was subsequently elected. 39 he was chosen by the membership to serve seven additional one-year terms, from 1947 to 1939 reagan led the sag through eventful years that were marked by labor-management disputes, the taftHartley act, the house Un-American Activities Committee (huac) hearings and the hollywood blacklist era. 39 Secret fbi informant in Hollywood During the late 1940s, reagan and his then-wife, jane wyman, provided the fbi with the names of actors within the motion picture industry whom they believed to be communist sympathizers. Though he expressed reservations, he said, "Do they expect us to constitute ourselves as a little fbi of our own and determine just who is a commie and who isn't?" 40 reagan also testified on the subject before the house Un-American Activities Committee. 41 A fervent anti-communist, he reaffirmed his commitment to democratic principles, stating, "I never as a citizen want to see our country become urged, by either fear or resentment of this group, that we ever compromise with any of our democratic principles through that fear.
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34 His first assignment was at the san Francisco port of Embarkation at Fort Mason, california, as a liaison officer of the port and Transportation Office. 35 Upon the approval of the Army air Forces (aaf he applied for a transfer from the cavalry to the aaf on may 15, 1942, and was assigned to aaf public Relations and subsequently to the first Motion Picture Unit (officially, the "18th Army air. 35 On January 14, 1943, he was promoted to first lieutenant and was sent to the Provisional Task force Show Unit of This Is the Army at Burbank, california. 35 he returned to the first Motion Picture Unit after completing this duty and was promoted to captain on July 22, 1943. 36 In January 1944, reagan was ordered to temporary duty in leadership New York city to participate in the opening of the sixth War loan Drive, which campaigned for the purchase of war bonds. He was reassigned to the first Motion Picture Unit on november 14, 1944, where he remained until the end of World War. 36 he was recommended for promotion to major on February 2, 1945, but this recommendation was disapproved on July 17 of that year. 37 While with the first Motion Picture Unit in 1945, he was indirectly involved in discovering actress Marilyn Monroe. 38 he returned to fort MacArthur, california, where he was separated from active duty on December 9, 1945. 37 by the end of the war, his units had produced some 400 training films for the aaf. 36 Screen Actors guild presidency guest stars for the premiere of The dick powell Show.
Many film critics considered Kings Row to be his best movie, 28 though the film was condemned by The new York times critic Bosley crowther. 29 30 Although reagan called Kings Row the film that "made me a star 31 he was unable to capitalize on his success because he was ordered to active duty with the. Army at San Francisco two months after its release, and never regained "star" status in motion pictures. 31 In the post-war era, after being separated from almost four resume years of World War ii stateside service with the 1st Motion Picture Unit in December 1945, reagan co-starred in such films as The voice of the turtle, john loves Mary, the hasty heart, bedtime. Throughout his film career, reagan's mother answered much of his fan mail. 32 Military service After completing 14 home-study Army Extension courses, reagan enlisted in the Army Enlisted Reserve and was commissioned a second lieutenant in the Officers' reserve corps of the cavalry on may 25, 1937. 33 On April 18, 1942, reagan was ordered to active duty for the first time. Due to his poor eyesight, he was classified for limited service only, which excluded him from serving overseas.
He moved to who radio in Des moines as an announcer for Chicago cubs baseball games. His specialty was creating play-by-play accounts of games using as his source only basic descriptions that the station received by wire as the games were in progress. 21 While traveling with the cubs in California in 1937, reagan took a screen test that led to a seven-year contract with Warner Brothers studios. 22 he spent the first few years of his Hollywood career in the " B film " unit, where, reagan joked, the producers "didn't want them good; they wanted them Thursday". 23 he earned his first screen credit with a starring role in the 1937 movie love is on the air, and by the end of 1939 he had already appeared in 19 films, 24 including Dark victory with Bette davis and Humphrey bogart. Before the film Santa fe trail with Errol Flynn in 1940, he played the role of george "The gipper" Gipp in the film Knute rockne, all American ; from it, he acquired the lifelong nickname "the gipper." 25 In 1941, exhibitors voted him the fifth. 26 reagan played his favorite acting role in 1942's Kings Row, 27 where he plays a double amputee who recites the line "Where's the the rest of me?"—later used as the title of his 1965 autobiography.
Over a six-year period, reagan reportedly performed 77 rescues as a lifeguard. 18 he attended Eureka college, a disciples-oriented liberal arts school, where he became a member of the tau kappa Epsilon fraternity, a cheerleader, and studied economics and sociology. While involved, the miller Center of Public Affairs described him as an "indifferent student". He majored in economics and sociology and graduated with a c grade. 19 he developed a reputation as a "jack of all trades excelling in campus politics, sports, and theater. He was a member of the football team and captain of the swim team. He was elected student body president and led a student revolt against the college president after the president tried to cut back the faculty. 20 Entertainment career Further information: Ronald reagan filmography radio and film After graduating from Eureka in 1932, reagan drove to iowa, where he held jobs as a radio announcer at several stations.
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9 She attended the disciples of Christ church regularly and was want active, and very influential, within it; she frequently led Sunday school services and gave the bible readings to the congregation during the services. A strong writer believer in the power of prayer, she led prayer meetings at church and was in charge of mid-week prayers when the pastor was out of town. 10 Her strong commitment to the church is what induced her son Ronald to become a protestant Christian rather than a roman Catholic like his father. 4 he also stated that she strongly influenced his own beliefs: "I know that she planted that faith very deeply." 11 For example, ronald reagan attended Eureka college, founded by the Christian Church (Disciples of Christ) in 1855. While pursuing the degree he earned in economics-sociology in 1932, ronald reagan continued to be surrounded with the same faith his mother had introduced in his life. According to paul Kengor, author of God and Ronald reagan, reagan had a particularly strong faith in the goodness of people; this faith stemmed from the optimistic faith of his mother 12 and the disciples of Christ faith, 12 into which he was baptized. 13 For that period of time, which was long before the civil rights movement, reagan's opposition to racial discrimination was unusual and commendable.
He recalled the time in Dixon when the proprietor of a local inn would not allow black people to stay there, and he brought them back to his house. His mother invited them to stay overnight and have breakfast the next morning. 14 After the closure of the pitney store in 1920 and the family's move to dixon, 15 the midwestern "small universe" had a lasting impression on reagan. 16 Formal education reagan attended Dixon High School, where he developed interests in acting, sports, and storytelling. 17 His first job involved working as a lifeguard at the rock river in Lowell Park in 1927.
He died at home on June 5, 2004. An icon among American conservatives, he is viewed favorably in historical rankings. Presidents, and his tenure constituted a realignment toward conservative policies in the United States. Contents Early life ronald reagan's boyhood home in Dixon, Illinois Ronald Wilson reagan was born on February 6, 1911 in an apartment on the second floor of a commercial building in Tampico, illinois. He was the younger son of Nelle Clyde ( née wilson; 18831962) and Jack reagan (18831941). 2 Jack was a salesman and storyteller whose grandparents were Irish Catholic emigrants from county tipperary, 3 while nelle was of half English and half Scottish descent (her mother was born in Surrey ).
4 reagan's older brother, neil reagan (19081996 became an advertising executive. 5 reagan's father nicknamed his son "Dutch due to his " fat little dutchman "-like appearance and "Dutchboy" haircut; 6 the nickname stuck with him throughout his youth. 6 reagan's family briefly lived in several towns and cities in Illinois, including Monmouth, galesburg, and Chicago. 7 In 1919, they returned to tampico and lived above the. Pitney variety Store until finally settling in Dixon. 2 After his election as president, reagan resided in the upstairs White house private quarters, and he would quip that he was "living above the store again". 8 Religion Ronald reagan wrote that his mother "always expected to find the best in people and often did".
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Reagan began his presidency during the decline of the soviet Union, and the berlin Wall fell just ten months after lab the end of his term. Germany reunified the following year, and on December 26, 1991 (nearly three years after he left office the soviet Union collapsed. When reagan left office in 1989, he held an approval rating of sixty-eight percent, matching those of Franklin. Roosevelt, and later Bill Clinton, as the highest ratings for departing presidents with in the modern era. 1 he was the first president since Dwight. Eisenhower to serve two full terms, after a succession of five prior presidents did not. Although he had planned an active post-presidency, reagan disclosed in november 1994 that he had been diagnosed with Alzheimer's disease earlier that year. Afterward, his informal public appearances became more infrequent as the disease progressed.
In his first term he survived an assassination attempt, spurred the war on Drugs, and fought public sector labor. Over his two terms, the economy saw a reduction of inflation from.5.4, and an average annual growth of real gdp.4. Reagan enacted cuts in domestic discretionary spending, cut taxes, and increased military spending contributed to increased federal outlays overall, even after adjustment for inflation. Foreign affairs dominated his second term, including ending the cold War, the bombing of Libya, and the IranContra affair. In June 1987, four years after he publicly skywriting described the soviet Union as an " evil empire reagan challenged soviet General Secretary mikhail Gorbachev to " tear down this wall! during a speech at the Brandenburg Gate. He transitioned Cold War policy from détente to rollback by escalating an arms race with the ussr while engaging in talks with Gorbachev. The talks culminated in the inf treaty, which shrank both countries' nuclear arsenals.
a period of protest movements in 1969, and was re-elected in 1970. He twice ran unsuccessfully for the republican presidential nomination,. Four years later in 1980, he won the nomination, and then defeated incumbent president Jimmy carter. At 69 years, 349 days of age at the time of his inauguration, he became the oldest president-elect to take the oath of office (a distinction now held by donald Trump, since 2017). Reagan faced former vice president Walter Mondale when he ran for re-election in 1984, and defeated him in a landslide with the largest electoral college victory in American history. Soon after taking office, reagan began implementing sweeping new political and economic initiatives. His supply-side economic policies, dubbed " reaganomics advocated tax rate reduction to spur economic growth, economic deregulation, and reduction in government spending.
He graduated from, eureka college in 1932 and worked as a sports announcer on several regional radio stations. After moving to summary hollywood in 1937, he became an actor and starred in a few major productions. Reagan was twice elected President of the. Screen Actors guild —the labor union for actors—where he worked to root out. In the 1950s, he moved into television and was a motivational speaker. Reagan had been a, democrat until 1962, when he became a conservative and switched to the. In 1964, reagan's speech, a time for Choosing supported, barry goldwater 's foundering presidential campaign and earned him national attention as a new conservative spokesman.
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For other uses, see. Reagan (disambiguation) and, ronald reagan (disambiguation). 40th president of the United States. Ronald Wilson reagan ( /reɪɡən/ ; February 6, 1911 june 5, 2004) was an American politician and actor who served as the 40th. President of the United States from 1981 to 1989. Prior to the presidency, he was. Hollywood actor and trade union leader before serving the as the 33rd. Governor of California from 1967 to 1975. Reagan was raised in a poor family in small towns of northern.