79 All three films received bad reviews, and marked the beginning of a battle for Eastwood to win American film critics' respect. 80 Judith Crist described a fistful of Dollars as "cheapjack 81 while newsweek considered For a few Dollars More as "excruciatingly dopey." 80 Renata Adler of The new York times said The good, the bad and the Ugly was ".the most expensive, pious and repellent. 83 leone's cinematography was widely acclaimed, even by critics who disparaged the acting in the film. 80 Stardom brought more roles for Eastwood. He signed to star in the American revisionist western Hang 'Em High (1968 featured alongside Inger Stevens, pat Hingle, dennis Hopper, ed Begley, alan Hale, ben Johnson, bruce dern, and James MacArthur, 84 playing a man who takes up a marshal's badge and seeks revenge. 85 The film earned Eastwood a fee of 400,000 and 25 percent of its net box-office takings. 84 Using money earned from the dollars trilogy, accountant and Eastwood advisor Irving leonard helped establish Eastwood's own production company, malpaso Productions, named after Malpaso Creek on Eastwood's property in Monterey county, california.
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The storyline involved the search for a cache of Confederate gold buried in a cemetery. During the filming of a scene in which a bridge was blown up, eastwood urged Wallach to retreat to a hilltop. "I know about these things he said. "Stay as far away from special effects and explosives as you can." 77 Minutes later confusion among the crew over the word "vaya!" resulted in a premature explosion that spill could have killed Wallach. 77 I wanted to play it with an economy of words and create this whole feeling through attitude and movement. It was just the kind of character I had envisioned for a long time, keep to the mystery and allude to what happened in the past. It came about after the frustration of doing Rawhide for so long. I felt the less he said, the stronger he became and the more he grew in the imagination of the audience. — Eastwood, on playing the man with no name character 78 The dollars trilogy was not released in the United States until 1967, when a fistful of Dollars opened on January 18, followed by for a few Dollars More on may 10, and The good, the. 79 All the films were commercially successful, particularly The good, the bad and the Ugly, which eventually earned 8 million in rental earnings and turned Eastwood into a major film star.
I decided it was time to be an anti-hero." 71 Eastwood was instrumental in creating the man with no name character's distinctive visual style and, although a non-smoker, leone insisted Eastwood smoke cigars as an essential ingredient of the "mask" eksempel he was attempting to create. 72 a fistful of Dollars proved a landmark in the development of spaghetti westerns, with leone depicting a more lawless and desolate world than traditional westerns, and challenging American stereotypes of a western hero with a morally ambiguous antihero. The film's success made eastwood a major star in Italy 73 and he was re-hired to star in For a few Dollars More (1965 the second of the trilogy. Through the efforts of screenwriter Luciano vincenzoni, the rights to for a few Dollars More and the final film of the trilogy ( The good, the bad and the Ugly ) were sold to United Artists for about 900,000. 74 In January 1966, eastwood met producer Dino de laurentiis in New York city and agreed to star in a non-Western five-part anthology production named le streghe the witches opposite de laurentiis' wife, actress Silvana mangano. 75 Eastwood's nineteen-minute installment took only a few days to shoot, but his performance did not please the critics, one writing that "no other performance of his is quite so 'un-Clintlike'." 76 Two months later Eastwood began work on the third Dollars film, The good. Lee van Cleef returned as a ruthless fortune seeker, with Eli wallach portraying the cunning Mexican bandit Tuco ramirez.
At the time of Rawhide 's cancellation, he received 119,000 an episode as severance pay. 67 1960s edit main article: Clint Eastwood in the 1960s In late 1963, eastwood's co-star on Rawhide, eric Fleming, rejected an offer to star in an Italian-made western called a fistful biography of Dollars, to be directed in a remote region of Spain by the then. 68 Richard Harrison suggested Eastwood to leone because harrison knew Eastwood could play a cowboy convincingly. Eastwood thought the film would be an opportunity to escape from his Rawhide image. Eastwood signed a contract for 15,000 in wages for eleven weeks' work, with a bonus of a mercedes automobile upon completion. 69 70 Eastwood later spoke of the transition from a television western to a fistful of Dollars : "In Rawhide i did get awfully tired of playing the conventional white hat. The hero who kisses old ladies and dogs and was kind to everybody.
59 60 However, eastwood was not especially happy with his character; Eastwood was almost 30, and Rowdy was too young and too cloddish for Clint to feel comfortable with the part. 61 Filming began in Arizona in the summer of 1958. 62 It took just three weeks for Rawhide to reach the top 20 in tv ratings and although it never won an Emmy, it was a major success for several years, and reached its peak at number six in the ratings between October 1960 and. 63 The rawhide years (195965) were some of the most grueling of Eastwood's career, often filming six days a week for an average of twelve hours a day, yet he still received criticism by some directors for not working hard enough. 63 rawhide was beginning to decline in popularity and lacked freshness in the script; it was canceled in the middle of the 196566 television season. 65 Eastwood made his first attempt at directing when he filmed several trailers for the show, although he was unable to convince producers to let him direct an episode. 66 In the show's first season Eastwood earned 750 an episode.
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48 In September 1954, eastwood worked for three weeks on Arthur thesis Lubin's Lady godiva of coventry, won a role in February 1955, playing "Jonesy a sailor in Francis in the navy and appeared uncredited in another Jack Arnold film, tarantula, where he played a squadron. 49, eastwood put four hours' work into the film never say goodbye and had a minor uncredited role as a ranch hand (his first western film) in August 1955 with Law Man, also known as Star in the dust. 51 Universal presented him with his first television role on July 2, 1955, on nbc 's Allen in movieland, which starred comedian Steve allen, actor Tony curtis and swing musician Benny goodman. 52 Although he continued to develop as an actor, Universal terminated his contract on October 23, 1955. 53 Eastwood joined the marsh Agency, and although Lubin landed him his biggest role to date in The first Traveling Saleslady (1956) and later hired him for Escapade in Japan, without a formal contract Eastwood was struggling.
54 Upon the advice of Irving leonard, his financial advisor, he changed talent agencies to the kumin-Olenick Agency in 1956 and Mitchell Gertz in 1957. He landed several small roles in 1956 as a temperamental army officer for a segment of abc 's reader's Digest series, and as a motorcycle gang member on a highway patrol episode. 54 In 1957, eastwood played a cadet in West point series and a suicidal gold prospector on death Valley days. 55 In 1958, he played a navy lieutenant in a segment of navy log and in early 1959 made a notable guest appearance on maverick opposite james Garner as a cowardly villain intent on marrying a rich girl for money. 55 Eastwood had a small part as an aviator in the French picture lafayette Escadrille and played a major role as an ex-renegade of the confederacy in Ambush at Cimarron Pass, a film which Eastwood viewed disastrously and professes to be the lowest point. Publicity photo for Rawhide, 1961 In 1958, eastwood was cast as Rowdy yates for the cbs hour-long western series Rawhide, the breakthrough in his career he had long been searching for.
39 "he always dropped the korean War reference, hoping everyone would conclude that he was in combat and might be some sort of hero. Actually, he'd been a lifeguard at Fort Ord in northern California for his entire stint in the military commented Eastwood's former longtime companion, sondra locke. 34 Don loomis recalled hearing that Eastwood was romancing one of the daughters of a fort Ord officer, who might have been entreated to watch out for him when names came up for postings. 40 While returning from a prearranged tryst 40 in seattle, washington, he was a passenger on a douglas ad bomber that ran out of fuel and crashed into the ocean near point reyes. 41 42 Using a life raft, he and the pilot swam 2 miles (3.2 km) to safety. 43 1950s: Early career struggles edit According to the cbs press release for Rawhide, the Universal (known then as Universal-International) film company was shooting in Fort Ord when an enterprising assistant spotted Eastwood and invited him to meet the director.
44 According to eastwood's official biography, the key figure was a man named Chuck hill, who was stationed in Fort Ord and had contacts in Hollywood. 44 While in Los Angeles, hill became reacquainted with Eastwood and managed to sneak eastwood into a universal studio, where he introduced him to cameraman Irving Glassberg. 44 Glassberg arranged for an audition under Arthur Lubin, who, although very impressed with Clint's appearance and stature at 6'4" (193 cm disapproved initially of his acting skills, remarking, "He was quite amateurish. He didn't know which way to turn or which way to go or do anything". 45 Lubin suggested that he attend drama classes and arranged for Eastwood's initial contract in April 1954, at 100 per week. 45 After signing, eastwood was initially criticized for his stiff manner and delivering his lines through his teeth, a lifelong trademark., eastwood made his first real audition for Six Bridges to Cross but was rejected by joseph pevney. 47 After many unsuccessful auditions, he was eventually given a minor role by director Jack Arnold in revenge of the Creature (1955 a sequel to the recently released The Creature from the Black lagoon.
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33 "Clint graduated from the airplane shop. I think that was his major joked classmate don Kincaid. 33 Another high school friend, don loomis, echoed "I don't think he was spending that much time at school because he was having a pretty good time elsewhere." 33 "I think what happened is he just went off and started having a good time. I just don't think he finished high school explained Fritz manes, 33 a boyhood friend two years younger than Eastwood, who remained associated with him until their falling out in the mid-1980s. Biographer Patrick McGilligan notes that high school graduation records are a matter of strict legal confidentiality. 33 Eastwood held a number of jobs, including as a lifeguard, paper carrier, grocery clerk, forest firefighter, and golf caddy. 37 Eastwood has said that he tried to enroll at seattle University in 1951 38 but bill instead was drafted into the United States Army during the korean War.
23 24 he has one younger sister, jeanne bernhardt (born 1934). 25 Eastwood is of English, Irish, Scottish, and Dutch ancestry. 26 he is descended from mayflower pdf passenger William Bradford, and through this line is the 12th generation of his family born in North America. During the 1930s, his family moved often as his father worked at jobs along the west coast. 30 31 Contrary to what Eastwood has indicated in media interviews, they did not move at all between 1932 33 Settled in piedmont, california, the eastwoods lived in a very wealthy part of town, had a swimming pool, belonged to the country club, and each. 34 Clint attended piedmont Middle School, 35 where he was held back due to poor academic scores; records indicate he also had to attend summer school. 32 From January 1945 to at least January 1946, he attended piedmont High School, but was asked to leave for writing an obscene suggestion to a school official on the athletic field scoreboard, and for burying someone in effigy on the school lawn, on top. 36 he transferred to oakland Technical High School and was scheduled to graduate in January 1949 as a midyear graduate, although it is not clear if he ever did.
that were not well received in the United States. Eastwood has been awarded two of France's highest honors: in 1994 he became a recipient of the commander of the Ordre des Arts et des Lettres, and in 2007 he was awarded the legion of Honour medal. In 2000, eastwood was awarded the Italian Venice film Festival Golden lion for lifetime achievement. Since 1967, eastwood has run his own production company, malpaso Productions, which has produced all but four of his American films. Starting in 1986, eastwood served for two years as mayor of Carmel-by-the-sea, california, a non-partisan office. Contents Early life edit main article: Early life and work of Clint Eastwood Eastwood was born on may 31, 1930, in San Francisco, california, the son of Clinton Eastwood. (19061970) and Ruth (Runner) wood (19092006). Ruth later took the surname of her second husband, john Belden wood (19132004 whom she married after the death of Clinton. 22 Eastwood was nicknamed "Samson" by the hospital nurses because he weighed 11 pounds 6 ounces (5.2 kg) at birth.
Unforgiven (1992) and the sports drama, million Dollar Baby (2004 eastwood won Academy Awards for. Best Director and, best Picture, as well as receiving nominations for. Eastwood's greatest commercial successes have been the adventure comedy. Every Which way but loose (1978) and its sequel, the action comedy. Any Which way you can (1980 after adjustment for inflation. 21, other popular films include the western. Hang 'Em High (1968 the psychological thriller, play misty for me (1971 the crime film Thunderbolt and Lightfoot (1974 the western The outlaw Josey wales (1976 the prison film Escape from Alcatraz (1979 the action film Firefox (1982 the suspense thriller Tightrope (1984 the western. In addition to directing many of his own star vehicles, eastwood has also directed films in which he did not appear, such as the mystery drama mystic river (2003) and the war film Letters from Iwo jima (2006 the for which he received Academy Award nominations.
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For other uses, see, clint Eastwood (disambiguation). (born may 31, 1930) is an American actor, filmmaker, musician, and political figure. After achieving success in the. Western, tV series, rawhide, he rose to international fame with his role as the. Man with no name in, sergio leone 's, dollars, trilogy of spaghetti westerns during the 1960s, and as antihero cop, harry callahan in the five, dirty harry films throughout the 1970s and 1980s. These roles, among others, have made eastwood an enduring cultural report icon of masculinity. For his work in the western film.