He was the famous figure of 20th century for his contributions to theoretical physics. He developed the general theory of relativity, one of the two pillars of modern physics. His massenergy equivalence formula e mc2 is considered to be the world famous equation. In 1921, Albert Einstein received Nobel Prize in Physics for the discovery of the law of photoelectric effect. This launched him to international superstardom and his name became a household word synonymous with genius all over the world. Childhood, albert Einstein was born to hermann Einstein who was a salesman and engineer, and mother pauline einstein. During his childhood days his father once showed him a pocket compass.
Albert Einstein - just the facts!
It talks about how time and distance can change due to the different speeds of an object and its observer. Photons : travelling he discovered that light is made up of small particles called photons and was awarded the nobel Prize for Physics in 1921. Bose-einstein Condensate : Einstein discovered a state of matter with another scientist, satyendra bose. Today it is used in things like lasers. Atomic Bomb : Not directly connected with inventing it, but his Theory of Relativity story is connected with the invention of the atomic bomb. Albert Einstein Facts, albert Einstein failed his first entrance exam for college. He was offered the presidency of Israel. Albert Einstein"s, imagination is more important than knowledge. Imagination encircles the world. Albert Einstein was born on 14th March, 1879 at Ulm, in the kingdom of Württemberg in the german Empire.
At age 12, he found a book on geometry which he read over and over again. Einstein wanted to pursue math and science. The problem was, he wasnt very good at taking tests. However, he was always analytical. In 1905, einstein submitted a paper for his doctorate and also had four papers published in the best known physics journal at that time. He became a well known name in the academic world. Being report Jewish, einstein knew he would have problems in nazi germany and so he migrated to the United States in 1933. Einsteins Theory of Relativity, albert Einstein was working as a patent clerk in Germany in 1905 when he developed his famous Theory of Relativity (Emc2). The theory simply states that the speed of light (constant, c) is the fastest speed in the universe and relates energy (E) and mass (M).
To cite this document, always state the source as shown above. Albert Einstein was formally associated with the Institute for Advanced Study located in Princeton, new Jersey. Copyright The nobel foundation 1922, essay share this: to cite this page, mLA style: "Albert Einstein - biographical". Nobel Media ab 2014. His father was an engineer and a salesman. Einstein wasnt a very bright student. He even had problems with his speech. When he was five years old, einstein saw a magnetic compass and marvelled at the needle that kept moving with an invisible force.
During the 1920's he lectured in Europe, america and the far East, and he was awarded Fellowships or Memberships of all the leading scientific academies throughout the world. He gained numerous awards in recognition of his work, including the copley medal of the royal Society of London in 1925, and the Franklin Medal of the Franklin Institute in 1935. Einstein's gifts inevitably resulted in his dwelling much in intellectual solitude and, for relaxation, music played an important part in his life. He married Mileva maric in 1903 and they had a daughter and two sons; their marriage was dissolved in 1919 and in the same year he married his cousin, Elsa löwenthal, who died in 1936. He died on April 18, 1955 at Princeton, new Jersey. From, nobel Lectures, physics, elsevier Publishing Company, amsterdam, 1967. This autobiography/biography was written at the time of the award and first published in the book series. It was later edited and republished.
Albert Einstein in Princeton
At the start of his scientific work, einstein realized the inadequacies of Newtonian mechanics and his special theory of relativity stemmed from an attempt to reconcile the laws of mechanics with the laws of the electromagnetic field. He dealt with classical problems of statistical mechanics and problems in which they were merged with quantum theory: this led to an explanation of the Brownian movement of molecules. He investigated the thermal properties of light with a low radiation density and his observations laid the foundation of the photon theory of light. In his early days in Berlin, einstein postulated that the correct interpretation of the special theory of relativity must also furnish a theory of gravitation and in 1916 he published his paper on the general theory of relativity. During this time he also contributed to the problems of the theory of radiation and statistical mechanics. In the 1920s, einstein embarked on the construction of unified field theories, although he continued to work on the probabilistic interpretation of quantum theory, and he persevered with this work in America.
He contributed to statistical mechanics by his development of the quantum theory of a monatomic gas and he has also accomplished valuable work in connection with atomic transition probabilities and relativistic cosmology. After his retirement he continued to work towards the unification of the basic concepts of physics, taking the opposite approach, geometrisation, to the majority of physicists. Einstein's researches are, of course, well chronicled and his more important works include. Special Theory of Relativity (1905 relativity (English translations, 19 general Theory of Relativity (1916 Investigations on Theory of Brownian movement (1926 and, the evolution of Physics (1938). Among his non-scientific works, About zionism (1930 Why war? (1933 my philosophy (1934 and, out problem of my later years (1950) are perhaps the most important. Albert Einstein received honorary doctorate degrees in science, medicine and philosophy from many european and American universities.
Later, they moved to Italy and Albert continued his education at Aarau, switzerland and in 1896 he entered the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich to be trained as a teacher in physics and mathematics. In 1901, the year he gained his diploma, he acquired Swiss citizenship and, as he was unable to find a teaching post, he accepted a position as technical assistant in the Swiss Patent Office. In 1905 he obtained his doctor's degree. During his stay at the patent Office, and in his spare time, he produced much of his remarkable work and in 1908 he was appointed Privatdozent in Berne. In 1909 he became Professor Extraordinary at Zurich, in 1911 Professor of Theoretical Physics at Prague, returning to zurich in the following year to fill a similar post.
In 1914 he was appointed Director of the kaiser Wilhelm Physical Institute and Professor in the University of Berlin. He became a german citizen in 1914 and remained in Berlin until 1933 when he renounced his citizenship for political reasons and emigrated to America to take the position of Professor of Theoretical Physics at Princeton. He became a united States citizen in 1940 and retired from his post in 1945. After World War ii, einstein was a leading figure in the world government movement, he was offered the Presidency of the State of Israel, which he declined, and he collaborated with. Chaim weizmann in establishing the hebrew University of Jerusalem. Einstein always appeared to have a clear view of the problems of physics and the determination to solve them. He had a strategy of his own and was able to visualize the main stages on the way to his goal. He regarded his major achievements as mere stepping-stones for the next advance.
Ideas And Opinions : Albert Einstein
He thought that there were not three dimensions to writing objects but four-the fourth one was time. Other scientists, who continued his work, claimed that it is possible to travel into the past and into the future. Black holes might be tunnels that could take you back and forth essay in time. According to einstein all objects followed curved paths and get attracted by the gravity of an object. Time would pass more slowly if you are close to a very large object like a planet. This means that the clock of a plane goes faster than a clock at an airport because the plane is farther away from the earth. Questions and Answers on Albert Einstein. Albert Einstein was born at Ulm, in Württemberg, germany, on March 14, 1879. Six weeks later the family moved to munich, where he later on began his schooling at the luitpold Gymnasium.
Energy is statement mass times the squared speed of light. This equation shows that mass can be turned to energy. Because the speed of light square is such a high number even a small amount of mass can be turned into a lot of energy. This means, for example, that there is enough energy in a glass of water to give power to a city like london for a whole week. The problem is how to get the energy out of the mass. This equation led to the building of the atomic bomb. The first bomb only had.6 grams of mass but scientist turned it into enough energy to destroy a whole city. Einstein also thought that space and time were closely related to each other.
start building one too. In 1941 the American government started the manhattan project which led to the construction of the atomic bomb. Two of these bombs were dropped over Hiroshima and Nagasaki to end the war against Japan. Einstein was horrified when he heard the news. He wanted the world to use atomic energy for peaceful purposes. For the last twenty years of his life, einstein lived in Princeton where he continued his scientific work. He died on April 18, 1955. One of the most famous equations ever written came from Albert Einstein: e.
He went writing to work at the Swiss patent office in Bern where he studied what other people had invented. After divorce from his first wife, a classmate of his, Albert went to berlin where he married his cousin Elsa. He lived in Berlin for a long time and there he developed many of his scientific theories. Einstein became so well known that he was invited to universities around the world to talk about his discoveries. In 1921 he received the nobel Prize for Physics. In the meantime things were starting to change in Germany. Einstein was against the nazis and their ideas of controlling the world and killing Jews. The nazis, in return, hated him and his theories and they burned most of his books. Einstein decided to leave germany and go to the United States.
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Albert Einstein was a famous scientist who completely changed the way that people saw our world and the universe. Einstein created many theories which proved that things like gravity, light, energy and matter were connected with each other. At first, very slogan few scientists could understand Einsteins theories but as time passed other scientists showed that he was correct. Albert Einstein was born in Ulm, germany in 1879 and grew up in Munich. He wasnt a good student at school and only did things he was interested in, like science and mathematics. At a very early age young Albert started wondering about the mysteries of the universe. After school Einstein went to Switzerland and tried to become a teacher there, but he couldnt find a job.